Omentin is a small protein recently discovered. This protein is found…

  • in fat cells around the guts and other organs,
  • within the small intestines,
  • within the cells lining the guts and other organs,
  • in blood vessel cells,
  • in some airway cells,
  • within the colon,
  • within the ovaries, and
  • blood.

The molecule is anti-inflammatory, and ranging levels of it have been present in insulin resistance and Type 2 diabetes…

  • omentin levels rise when the body attempts to correct Type 2 diabetes and its associated heart and blood vessel complications.
  • studies have also revealed low levels of the molecule are present in obese individuals.

In January of 2023, the journal Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice reported on a study accomplished at Osaka City University in Osaka, Japan. Researchers there compared…

  • 425 individuals who had been diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes, with
  • 223 non-diabetic study participants.

In those at high risk for serious complications…

  • those 65 or over,
  • those with heart and blood disease, and
  • those with reduced kidney function,

Low omentin levels were linked with reduced blood vessel dilation in response to increased blood flow. From these results, the investigators concluded omentin plays a protective role in individuals with Type 2 diabetes in danger for heart and blood vessel complications.

A study reported in December of 2023 within the journal Clinical Nutrition shows adherence to the Mediterranean low-calorie food plan may very well be helpful in raising omentin levels. Researchers on the University of Valladolid in Valladolid, Spain, prescribed the food plan for 67 obese participants with a median age of 48 for 3 months.

By the tip of the study, omentin levels increased, while decreases were seen in the next…

  • body mass index (BMI),
  • body weight,
  • body fat,
  • waist measurement,
  • blood pressure,
  • blood sugar level,
  • insulin – because not as much was needed,
  • insulin resistance, the reason for Type 2 diabetes, and
  • LDL cholesterol – “bad” cholesterol.

The predominant foods included within the Mediterranean food plan are…

  • vegetables – Greek people typically eat nine servings a day of vegatables and fruits,
  • fruit,
  • whole grains – bread, pasta, and rice,
  • legumes – beans,
  • nuts – pistachios, walnuts, almonds contain healthful fats, but eat them sparsely because of high calories,
  • healthy fats corresponding to olive and canola oils as a substitute of butter. Bread is eaten dipped in liquid vegetable oil as a substitute of butter,
  • red wine sparsely – optional, and
  • herbs and spices as a substitute of salt – parsley, saffron, thyme, basil, rosemary, oregano, and sage.

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