Gestational diabetes which can be often called pregnancy-related diabetes carries risks for each mother and child. The earlier the disease is diagnosed, the earlier it could actually be treated. At present, the condition is diagnosed between the twenty fourth and twenty eighth weeks of pregnancy with the usage of the oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT). Investigators at Peking University’s Hospital in Beijing and several other other research facilities in China and the US have found that fasting blood sugar levels could be used to diagnose Gestational diabetes on the nineteenth week of pregnancy.

Their study, published in February of 2023 within the Chinese Medical Journal, included 34,087 pregnant women. Participants were classified as being…

  • underweight,
  • healthy weight,
  • chubby, or
  • obese,

and diagnosed at 24 to twenty-eight weeks of pregnancy using OGTT. A complete of 6806, 20 percent of the ladies were found to have Gestational diabetes.

  • amongst chubby and obese women with fasting blood sugar levels of no less than 5.10 mmol/L at 19 weeks, 78.5 percent went on to be diagnosed with l diabetes of pregnancy using OGTT at 24 to twenty-eight weeks.
  • amongst underweight and normal weight women, those with fasting blood sugars of 5.10 mmol/L or over, 52.9 percent were later diagnosed with diabetes.

From the above result,s the researchers concluded chubby and obese women with fasting blood sugar levels of 5.10 mmol/L or over at 19 weeks needs to be diagnosed with Gestational diabetes.

Like Type 2 diabetes, diabetes diagnosed while pregnant could be treated with weight loss program and physical activity. If needed, insulin or oral anti-diabetes medication could be added. The ladies are frequently asked to watch their blood sugar 4 to 5 times a day and adjust their eating and drugs accordingly…

  • Mayo Clinic in the US recommends a weight loss program high in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains, and low in refined carbohydrates.
  • a physician, nurse, or dietician can advise the ladies on calorie counts and portion sizes.
  • walking, swimming, and bicycle riding, together with regular home tasks and gardening, are sometimes really helpful.

Women diagnosed with Gestational diabetes are frequently asked to go to their obstetrician or midwife more often and have their baby’s health monitored closely. Labor could also be induced when the infant can safely breathe room air or if the pregnancy goes beyond the due date.

Delivery cures Gestational diabetes but moms should be monitored for possible development of Type 2 diabetes after delivery. Diabetes testing needs to be performed 6 to 12 weeks after delivery, and each 1 to three years after that for no less than the following 5 to 10 years.

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