Once I was studying Law at University to a few years ago… the Professor of Criminal Law, Mr. Díez Ripolles gave a lecture on the legalization of medication. We’re talking in regards to the late 80’s. Time goes by however the controversy over this issue is more alive than ever, especially when an increasing number of countries are positioned in favor Drug ´s legalizations, as it’s the case in Canada ( April 2017) and Uruguay (December 2023) which have legalized marijuana. The latter has also allowed production sale and consumption.
10 Reasons to legalize drugs
1º.- Organized crime could be attacked in one in all its fundamental structure
In keeping with Friedman Milton, illegality encourages criminalization since there isn’t any free competition but rules imposed by the cartels. Consumers are forced to go through the ring of those groups, they should not free to purchase it where they need. The costs rise to their discretion without control-. Briefly, legalizing drug “would almost allow them to” out.
2.- Consumption could be reduced. Contrary to what one might think, there are studies conducted within the Netherlands through which it’s shown that Cannabis use has been reduced. The Netherlands is one in all the primary countries in legalizing this substance.
3.- The associated fee of fighting organized crime may be very high. If we add the police corruption, we add one other strong reason in favor of the legalization of the drug.
4.- The health of the people would win, because the control would make the drugs protected, thus avoiding many deaths. You’ll be able to see more within the European report on drugs. Diseases similar to hepatitis and HIV would go down drastically.
5.- The court´s cases could be reduced allowing other cases to be attended. Also, lower the index of related crimes in accordance with the report of Spain 2017 on drugs.
6.- Greater security in lots of countries.
7.- Education. In the identical way that now we have been educated in regards to the effects of alcohol, the legalization of cannabis, for instance, would help to provide information without hindrance in regards to the inconveniences that it has in the event that they eat them, in addition to the advantages.
8.- Legalization would scale back the worth of medication, lowering the production and intermediation costs implied by the prohibition. That’s, many individuals who’ve an addiction to those substances won’t need to steal or prostitute themselves to pay the worth that the Cartels Set.
9.- No fundamental rights similar to freedom of communication, domicile, etc. could be jeopardized.
10.- Residents would realize that behind a drug addict there is just not a criminal but in lots of cases sick individuals who made an enormous mistake.
Countries which have legalized drugs
A) The Netherlands is the country that began marijuana commercialization, in addition to in lots of other social initiatives. There, the tenure and possession of marijuana constitute crimes although since 2017 the cultivation seems to have been approved by Congress. There are places where this drug is sold, often known as ‘Coffee shops’, which from the Opium Act of 1976 are dedicated to selling these products (five grams per person over 18 years) and to which this activity is allowed.
B) Uruguay. The laws says that only Uruguayans can grow Cannabis of their homes and It might only be bought at 30 pharmacies within the country which might be able to sell, at 1.30 dollars (1.13 euros) per gram, less expensive and higher than on the black market. Those that buy will only need to put their finger on a tool on the pharmacy. The machine will recognize them as users and check that they’ve not already exceeded the legal limit,10 grams per week. It’s the formula to regulate it by guaranteeing its anonymity – the pharmacist doesn’t know the name – and likewise to omit foreigners. From 2017 It might be acquired a maximum of 40 grams monthly of a marijuana in some pharmacies within the country with a percentage of between 2 and 4% of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the foremost psychoactive element of cannabis. The central government regulates the granting of licenses for its cultivation and sale but, although the mafias that dominated it before have considerably reduced its activity, some financial entities have threatened to stop operating with pharmacies in the event that they proceed to supply this service, which along with Some manifestations of international organizations has surrounded the whole process with uncertainty.
c) Despite the historical association that has been made between marijuana and Jamaica, possession in that country involved considerable penalties until 2023. But three years ago (in 2023), the birthplace of reggae and the Caribbean island of enviable beaches decriminalized possession in small quantities for each tourists and residents.
e) USA (United States) in each North American state there may be a certain autonomy for that reason they’ve allowed lately the regulated distribution of marijuana for non-medical use. With the recent legalization of this substance for recreational purposes in California (for cultivation, consumption, and commercialization) and likewise the territories of Colorado, Washington, Maine, Alaska, Nevada, Oregon, and Massachusetts.
f) In keeping with Wikipedia: “In 2001, Portugal became the second country within the European Union after Spain to abolish criminal penalties for drug possession for personal and private use, and users must comply with therapies as an alternative of imprisonment. As one senior official of the Ministry of Health explained, “It’s about persecuting the disease, but not the sick, the Portuguese state is against drugs, so its consumption is just not forbidden, but we’re not against drug addicts. Hence, once rehabilitated, they will return to normal life without having been detained and, most significantly, with none evidence that they’ve been detained, which is significant for, for instance, finding a job “Thus, an individual arrested by the police who carries quite a lot of drugs that doesn’t exceed a certain level is brought before a follow-up commission depending on the Ministry of Health that may direct him to a cleansing center if vital, but without records or judicial file. Only when he carries a Big Amount of Drugs he can be taken to Court.
Now Podemos and Ciudadanos (Each Political Parties) are demonstrating in favor of legalization with the apparent opposition of the PP (one other Political Party). The reality is that jurisprudence in Spain already begins to have many positive judgments in favor of possession for consumption, despite the setback suffered for the Cannabis Clubs by the last sentence of 2023 of the Supreme Court that condemned the president, secretary, and treasurer of a club after they were preparing the doses of the partners