So as to determine the silat exponent performance and level in self defense moves, Bunga Silat played a very important role to find out how far the scholars develop in martial art training. In silat syllabus there are seven Bunga. This specifically implies that for each level in silat syllabus there will probably be one bunga.
Bunga means the premise of silat movements which consists of seven langkah (steps), seven kuda-kuda (stances) and 7 limbai (hand positions). The Bunga will teach the exponent the way to master the defensive and striking position in silat movements. There are some silat vocabularies that one must know to grasp the entire concept of bunga.
In the primary part is Limbai. In limbai there are three necessary parts. There are Ayun, Limbai and Lenggang. Ayun means a movement of the hands while in stop position. Limbai is a hand positions while in stop position and Lenggang while dancing or moving in silat movements.
There are seven limbai in Bunga. There are Rencung (right hand in front of the left chest and the left hand on the stomach), Kapit (right hand align with right leg while holding a fist or punch and the left hand in front of the nose), Empang (left hand on the left quadricep and the suitable hand holding a fist straight on theright side of the shoulder), Sangga (left hand in front of the chest and the suitable hand rise above the pinnacle with holding a fist similar to to dam any strike from above), Lunjur (left hand in front of the suitable chest and the suitable hand straight to the side on the shoulder level position), Kacip (each hand are within the rencung or in ‘X’ position in front of the chest) and Juak (left hand on the stomach and the suitable hand far above the left ear position). Every limbai has their very own meaning and functions within the self defense moves.
The second part in Bunga Silat syllabus is Langkah. Langkah means the legs movements while walking or running. There are seven langkah that are Serung (left leg in front of the suitable leg with 145 degrees from right angle), Tunjang (the suitable leg in front of left leg, body weight on right leg), Terus (forward), Undur (backward), Ereng (vertical but on the sideway position), Silang (crossing) and Samping (sideward).
The third part in Bunga is Kuda-kuda. Kuda-kuda means the situation where each feet will not be moving on the ground. There are seven kuda-kuda that are Serung, Teleng, Terus, Kilas (left leg behind the suitable leg with body weight on it), Ereng, Silang and Samping. Similar with limbai, the langkah and kuda-kuda have their very own philosophy and secrets techniques in martial arts.
Bunga silat from the actual base consists of seven Langkah that are serung, tunjang, terus, under, ereng, silat and samping. These langkah will probably be utilized in every level and in addition as the inspiration to next level syllabus. Often Bunga silat will probably be practice while starting the silat class, starting of silat performance or competition. The slow motion movements of bunga, tidies and harmony will develop the intrinsic manners for each silat exponent equivalent to discipline, respect, patience, peace, caution, proper and chic. The self defense moves in silat will probably be perfect once the exponent mastering this fundamental skill.